Zonguldak is a city and the capital of Zonguldak Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is an important port on the Black Sea due to the coal mining being done in Zonguldak Province. The town was established in 1849 as a port town for the nearby coal mines in Ereğli. The city's name probably comes from Zone Geul-Dagh, the name given to the area by French and Belgian mining companies. Göldağı is the highest mountain in the vicinity of Devrek district. In Ereğli coal mining history, the name originated from Zone Geul-Dagh in French or in Turkish, Zoungoul Mountain and with the Turkish/French meaning, Lake/Göl Mountain Zone. An optional etymology is that the name originates from the Turkish zongalık which means swamp or zongura or it may have come from the name of the nearby ancient settlement of Sandraka or Sandrake. Zonguldak Airport is located on Çaycuma Yolu and there is a train station in Zonguldak with daily trains running from Ankara. There are frequent buses from Istanbul, Ankara and other Turkish cities to Zonguldak. It lies 240 kilometers or 149 miles northeast of Istanbul.
Zonguldak is a prominent city in the Western Black Sea region and the first province to be founded after the Republic was established. Zonguldak hosts a variety of cultural amenities as well as an exceptionally beautiful natural habitat. Fener disctrict with its spectacular views and historical buildings, Filyos with its stunning natural beauty and beaches and Harmankaya, referred to as the secret haven of Zonguldak, are among the attractions of the city. Many natural and sandy beaches may be found along a fifty mile or 80 kilometer stretch of the coastline. Beginning from the east, these beaches include: Sazköy, Filyos, Türkali, Göbü, Hisararkası, Uzunkum, Tersane, Kapuz, Karakum, Değirmenağzı, Ilıksu, Kireçlik, Armutçuk, Karadeniz Ereğli, Mevreke, Alaplı and Kocaman. Zonguldak has an oceanic climate with high and evenly distributed rainfall year round. Summers are warm and humid, and the average temperature is around 21°C in July and August. Winters are cool and damp, and the average temperature is about 6°C in January and February. Precipitation is heaviest in autumn and early winter and lightest in spring. Snowfall is quite common between the months of December and March, snowing for a week or two and can be heavy. The water temperature like in the whole Turkish Black Sea coast is always cool and fluctuates between 8° and 20°C throughout the year.
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