Ünye is a a pleasnt seaside town about half way between Samsun and Giresun. It is situated in a district of Ordu Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey about 76 kilometers west of the city of Ordu. Its adjacent provinces are Samsun to the northwest, Tokat to the southwest, Sivas to the south, and Giresun to the east. Ünye is a small port in a bay on one of the flatter areas of the Black Sea coast. The climate is typical of the Black Sea region - being mainly warm and wet, thhough due to its location being flatter than most of the coastline Ünye has less rainfall. Ünye is very quiet in late July and August when most people are harvesting hazelnuts in the countryside these nuts being the basis of the local economy. The town of Ünye has high schools, higher education facilities and other services which it provides for the surrounding villages. Other industry that contributes to the local economy includes a large cement factory, flour mills, local handicrafts and the facilities of the port. The town has grown in recent decades with construction of the multi-storied concrete block apartments spreading along the coast that are typical of so many Turkish towns. Bars, restaurants, internet cafes as well as quiet spots for trekking, and of course, its excellent beaches make Ünye one of the nicest holiday towns on the eastern Black Sea coast. Reasonably priced pensions and camping facilities as well as 2 and 3 star hotels can be found during the summer season. There are summer festivals and concerts in July.
The history of Ünye goes back to the Hittite period in the 15th century BC, followed by the Kashkas, Scythians, Milesians, Persians, Pontus, ancient Roman and Byzantine eras. Later being occupied by Danishmends between 1086 to 1157, Anatolian Seljuks between 1188 to 1243, the Empire of Trebizond from 1204 to 1346 and at times the Emirate of Hacıemiroğlu between 1297 and 1461. Places of interest are purple rock formations which are historical tombs carved into the rock that remain from the early Roman era, an 18th century town hall, the Çamlık picnic area in the woods overlooking the sea, Çakırtepe on a hilltop with a commanding view of the town, Ünye Castle dating back to the Pontus era and Uzunkum - the longest beach on the Black Sea. Ünye is one of the best holiday towns on the eastern Black Sea with its excellent beaches and camping facilities that are easily within easy reach of beautiful Camlik Beach. Enjoy an afternoon at one of the restaurants, cafes or bars and if you are there at the right time there are summer festivals and concerts in July. Ünye has few other specific landmarks, although a few old stone buildings still survive in the back streets, especially around Dönerçeşme Meydanı.
The prominent Turkish playwright, actor and stage director, Ferhan Şensoy was born in Ünye as well was Refaattin Sahin who was a State Minister that attracted needed government spending to the Ünye area. Ünye also boasts the first settlement began in the fifteenth century before Christ. Tribes who migrated from Eastern Anatolia to the Black Sea coast settled in Cevizdere Mevkiinde. Various images are carved into the rock tombs in caves and caverns from the classical and later periods. These were the burial sites of the King and the Queen that dominated the citys in the region. One of these tombs is at Tozkoparan-Koytakkaya. These are the sixth and seventh century BC tombs that the King Mitradates had built. The entrance of the cave is decorated in both animal figures as well as a variety of human and animal figures made of copper and iron. Ünye is only two kilometers away from the caverns via minibus, taxi or private car. The main road to the cave is a short trail reaching the village, but there is no safety protection nor is there any lighting.
Ünye Kalesi is one of those extraordinary castles that seem designed to confound its visitors senses. The why is not so hard to imagine - it would hardly be an exaggeration to say that from this lofty stronghold it would have been possible for even the most lackadaisical of guards to spot an enemy as they saddled up to ride out from Samsun. The mystery lies in the how. How did they heave the stones up there? How did they manage to wrap the walls around the rocks? And how, above all, did they manage to achieve all this in the days before heavy-lifting machinery was invented? Today only the most foolhardy of souls actually climbs right to the top of Ünye Kalesi; the view is quite breathtaking enough from its lower reaches without risking one's neck on the treacherous path. In any case, there's not a great deal to see inside the fortifications since only pieces of wall survive. Nor is a great deal known about the site. An impressive-looking rock-cut tomb overlooking the parking lot probably dates back to the period (291–63 B.C.) when the Pontic kings ruled the area from their capital in Amasya, but the stretch of wall that has been restored to serve as an entrance looks as if it would have been built some time in the Middle Ages.
From Ünye Kalesi it's possible to gaze back across five kilometers of rolling hills carpeted with hazelnut bushes to Ünye itself, a small town which sits on the Black Sea coast midway between Samsun and Ordu. This is a town which is dominated by the ghost of a lost treasure. Standing in the main square you will see a length of wall which it would be easy to assume was at least as old as the castle. Instead it turns out to have been part of the outer wall of the garden that used to surround the extraordinary palace of Süleyman Paşa, an early 19th-century provincial governor who lived in a home of almost Mughal-esque magnificence right on what was then the seafront. Like so many partially wooden Black Sea buildings, the palace fell victim to a fire at the end of the 19th century. It lives on in a drawing made in 1847 by a visiting Westerner; guests at the Sebile Hanım Konağı hotel now standing on the site of the garden can inspect a copy of it in the lobby. Source ~ Todays Zaman
Leçons de Choses
- The designs of Magali Arbib can now be purchased online on her website -
- childrens furnishings and accessories as well as vintage items and art - all from France -
Unlimited Hosting | Unlimited Sites | Free SiteBuilder | Fast-Reliable-Friendly | 24-7 Support