Sinop is a city which is situated on the most northern edge of the Turkish side of Black Sea coast Turkey, historically known as Sinope. It is the capital of Sinop Province. Long used as a Hittite port which appears in Hittite sources as Sinuwa, the city proper was re-founded as a Greek colony from the city of Miletus in the 7th century BC. Sinope flourished as the Black Sea port of a caravan route that led from the upper Euphrates valley, issued its own coinage, founded colonies, and gave its name to a red arsenic sulfate mined in Cappadocia called Sinopic red earth or sinople.
Sinope escaped Persian domination until the early 4th century BC, and in 183 BC it was captured by Pharnaces I and became capital of the kingdom of Pontus. Lucullus conquered Sinope for Rome in 70 BC, and Julius Caesar established a Roman colony there, Colonia Julia Felix, in 47 BC. Mithradates Eupator was born and buried at Sinope, and it was the birthplace of Diogenes, of Diphilus, poet and actor of the New Attic comedy, of the historian Baton, and of the Christian heretic of the 2nd century AD, Marcion.It remained with the Eastern Roman Empire or the Byzantines. It was a part of the Empire of Trebizond from the sacking of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204 until the capture of the city by the Seljuk Turks of Rûm in 1214. After 1261, Sinop became home to two successive independent emirates following the fall of the Seljuks: the Pervâne and the Jandarids. It was captured by the Ottomans in 1458. In November 1853, at the start of the Crimean War, in the Battle of Sinop, the Russians, under the command of Admiral Nakhimov, destroyed an Ottoman frigate squadron in Sinop, leading Britain and France to declare war on Russia. Sinop hosted a US military base that was important for intelligence during the cold war era. The US base was closed in 1992.
Sinop is one of the most beautiful natural harbors on the Black Sea. The seaside hotels and holiday resorts and restaurants by the harbor where you can enjoy fresh fish while watch over the water while downing a cold beer. Hamsilos Fjord sits just 11 kilometers from the town center and is the only fjord in Turkey. Gerze is located on a peninsula about 40 kilometers to the southeast of Sinop with nice beaches and restaurants. Boyabat, the largest town of the province, has numerous rock tombs and a citadel and Camgolu offers camping facilities in a beautiful forest that drops right down to the sea. Sinop has an oceanic climate so it has warm and humid summers with an average of 26°C or 78.8°F but temperatures rarely exceed +30°C or 86°F. The highest recorded temperature for Sinop was 34.4°C or 93.92°F in July of 2000. The winters are cool and wet with the average temperature during winter ranges around 5°C or 41°F. The lowest recorded temperature for Sinop was -7.5°C or 18.5°F in February of 1985. Snowfall is quite common between the months of December through March - often snowing for a week or two.
There is an airport located in Sinop and Turkish Airlines generally has flights two days a week. The Airport is located 8 kilometers from the Sinop city center with transportation being available on minibuses or in commercial taxis.
Leçons de Choses
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- childrens furnishings and accessories as well as vintage items and art - all from France -
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