Kastamonü is the capital city and district of the Kastamonü Province, Turkey and is believed to have been founded in the 18th century BC. The town was known as Timonion during the Roman period. Within the region, Romans founded a city of Paphlagonia at the town Taşköprü which is nowadays famous for its garlic production. The ruins of the Roman city-state Pompeiopolis are also found near Taşköprü. Isaac I Komnenos, who was son of an humble Thracian soldier, received from Basil II the fief and built here a fortress named Kastra Komneni that would become the seat of the imperial house. Kastamonu is home to Kastamonu University, which was established in 2006 by incorporating existing colleges, schools and institutes that were previously under Ankara University and Gazi University. Kastamonü has a warm-summer humid continental climate with cold winters and warm summers. The average annual precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year, with spring being the wettest season.
Kastamonü province is mostly covered with forests due to the mild Black Sea climate. The Ilgaz National Park where a micro-climate dominates due to the mountainous terrain and numerous streams is 63 kilometers south of the province center at Kastamonu where there is also a ski-center with accommodation facilities located near the park. Ilgaz Mountain, the highest peak at 2,587 meters, dominates the south of the province where hiking and whitewater rafting is possible on the Ilgaz River. The Ilgarini Cave at Cide, the Alinca Underground Cave at Küre, and the International Equestrian Tourism Center of Daday are other attractions in the area. There is also a 12th-century Byzantine castle, the 13th-century Atabey Mosque and the Ibni Neccar Mosque also located in the province. The Mahmut Bey Mosque, located in the village of Kasaba, is known for its elegant wood carvings.
The Dress Code Revolution which abolished the fez was started at Kastamonü by Atatürk on August 23, 1925. Atatürk made his historical speech concerning about the "Hat and Dress Revolution" in 1925 at his visit to Kastamonu at Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi building. The building is now used as Archeological Museum. The materials used by Atatürk in his Kastamonü visit are also exhibited in the museum. About 10 miles from the city is the village of Kasaba with an important mosque, the Mahmut Bey Mosque, built 1366 in the Seljuk tradition. It is considered to be one of the finest wooden mosques in Turkey.
Kastamonü also has many mansions, which are traditionally built with an architectural style unique to this region. Many of these mansions have been restored following a declaration by the local government in 2000, in order to preserve the historical texture. Transportation is possible only through paved and unpaved highways; a railroad that will connect Çankırı, Kastamonü and İnebolu is under construction. Although the province has a 135 km long coastline to Black Sea, only İnebolu has a small port and transportation by the sea is almost non-existent. Handcrafts are abundant in Kastamonü, especially in rural areas, the most available being hand-woven textiles and several national and local annual festivities also take place in the province. Wednesday is market day in Kastamonu and it is unlike markets in any other Turkish city as many of the items available in Kastamonü, which exported walnuts and almonds to Rome in its day, are not familiar to anyone from another part of Turkey. Such as a local plum called üryani eriği is only grown only in Kastamonu. But, there are around 112,000 telephone main-lines in use, about 200,000 cellular subscribers and 15,000 internet users in the province.
Leçons de Choses
- The designs of Magali Arbib can now be purchased online on her website -
- childrens furnishings and accessories as well as vintage items and art - all from France -
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